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Scientific Papers Abstract Submission

Theme

1st Track

Role/Contribution

I am a PhD student, at Selcuk University, Turkey, where I am preparing my PhD in Contemporary Mosque Architecture in Egypt by creating a model that is environmentally compatible and also at a lower economic cost.

Research paper Title

Mimaride siyasi ideoloji ve çevresel dengenin somutlaştırılması: Kahire Mehmet Ali Paşa Camii/ Embodying political ideology and environmental balance in architecture: the Mosque of Muhammad ‘Ali Pasha in Cairo

Personal Biography

I worked as a lecturer at Fayoum University, Faculty of Archeology, Department of Architecture and Islamic Art I completed my master's degree at Uludag University, Bursa, Türkiye, in the field of art history and Islamic architecture Now I am studying for a doctorate in contemporary mosque architecture in Egypt while participating in international student conferences at universities in Türkiye.

Paper Abstract

Architecture as a cultural product reflects the state of society and the relationship between the state and the people. The mosque built by Mehmet Ali Pasha during his struggle for inde-pendence from the Ottoman Empire aims to express his desire to become the new Otto-man sultan. Its Glorious Ottoman past is equally well expressed by the classical style of the mosque and its location in the Cairo Citadel. Therefore, Mehmet Ali Mosque, known as the “marble mosque”, built in the type of Ottoman Selâtin mosques, recreates the characteristics of Ottoman architecture with its classical plan. The relations between the Ottoman Empire and Egypt also cover the periods before the Ottoman conquest of Egypt. These periods started with the appointment of Ahmed b. Tolun, one of the Turkish-born commanders of the Abbasid State, to Egypt (868-883). Then came the Ottoman rule, which began with Selim I's entry into Egypt (1517) and lasted until the time of the Mehmet Ali Pasha family. After Egypt became an Ottoman province, a synthesis of the architectural and ornamental styles of Istanbul and the old Mamluk styles began to take place in Egypt. In addition, the Ottoman style greatly influenced the Egyptian architecture and ornamentation of the Mehmet Ali Pasha period. This paper examines how the political ideology of the ruling regimes influence architecture and shape the built environment. The main research question is: How have ruling regimes used the built environment to achieve their political goals? Is the materialization of political ideology compatible with environmental adaptation? This paper aims to reveal the influence of the state's political ideology in shaping architecture during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha, through analyzing the architectural features of the Muhammad Ali Mosque. The research adopts a qualitative research strategy based on case study methodology. The analysis incorporates the tools of both semiotics and hermeneutics to analyze the symbolic meanings implied in the mosque architecture. What significance did the mosque as an Islamic object and place of worship have for the conceptualization of modernity and nationalism in early nineteenth-century Egypt? By considering the mosque as a constructive institution of Islam, this article highlights its distinctiveness as a space and object through which Muhammad Ali negotiated different understandings of sovereignty, power, and national identity during a transitional period in Egyptian history.

Paper Abstract file

https://icmamosques.org/wp-content/uploads/2024/07/Mimaride-siyasi-ideoloji-ve-cevresel-dengenin-somutlastirilmasi-Muhmmed-Alin-Camii-1.docx
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لوريم إيبسوم دولور سيت أميت، كونسيكتيتور أديبيسينغ إليت. سد كونسيكوات فيليت أت أنتي بيبندوم، إن ديكتوم إليت ديغنيسيم. إنتيجر أك ليغولا إو كوام كومودو إليمنتوم. أليكوام إيرات فولوتبات. فيسللوس أوت جوستو فيل سابين إيفيسيتور كورسوس. بروين نك ليو فيل دولور جرافيدا كونسيكتيتور. أوت إيد تورتور نيك توربيس لاسينيا فيوغيات. أليكوام إيرات فولوتبات. بيلينتيسكو
لوريم إيبسوم دولور سيت أميت، كونسيكتيتور أديبيسينغ إليت. سد كونسيكوات فيليت أت أنتي بيبندوم، إن ديكتوم إليت ديغنيسيم. إنتيجر أك ليغولا إو كوام كومودو إليمنتوم. أليكوام إيرات فولوتبات. فيسللوس أوت جوستو فيل سابين إيفيسيتور كورسوس. بروين نك ليو فيل دولور جرافيدا كونسيكتيتور. أوت إيد تورتور نيك توربيس لاسينيا فيوغيات. أليكوام إيرات فولوتبات. بيلينتيسكو